[APACHE DOCUMENTATION]

Apache HTTP Server Version 1.3

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Module mod_setenvif

This module provides the ability to set environment variables based upon attributes of the request.

Status: Base
Source File: mod_setenvif.c
Module Identifier: setenvif_module
Compatibility: Available in Apache 1.3 and later.

Summary

The mod_setenvif module allows you to set environment variables according to whether different aspects of the request match regular expressions you specify. These environment variables can be used by other parts of the server to make decisions about actions to be taken.

The directives are considered in the order they appear in the configuration files. So more complex sequences can be used, such as this example, which sets netscape if the browser is mozilla but not MSIE.

  BrowserMatch ^Mozilla netscape
  BrowserMatch MSIE !netscape
 

For additional information, we provide a document on Environment Variables in Apache.

Directives


BrowserMatch directive

Syntax: BrowserMatch regex env-variable[=value] [env-variable[=value]] ...
Default: none
Context: server config, virtual host, directory, .htaccess
Override: FileInfo
Status: Base
Module: mod_setenvif
Compatibility: Apache 1.2 and above (in Apache 1.2 this directive was found in the now-obsolete mod_browser module); use in .htaccess files only supported with 1.3.13 and later

The BrowserMatch directive defines environment variables based on the User-Agent HTTP request header field. The first argument should be a POSIX.2 extended regular expression (similar to an egrep-style regex). The rest of the arguments give the names of variables to set, and optionally values to which they should be set. These take the form of

  1. varname, or
  2. !varname, or
  3. varname=value

In the first form, the value will be set to "1". The second will remove the given variable if already defined, and the third will set the variable to the value given by value. If a User-Agent string matches more than one entry, they will be merged. Entries are processed in the order in which they appear, and later entries can override earlier ones.

For example:

    BrowserMatch ^Mozilla forms jpeg=yes browser=netscape
    BrowserMatch "^Mozilla/[2-3]" tables agif frames javascript
    BrowserMatch MSIE !javascript
 

Note that the regular expression string is case-sensitive. For case-INsensitive matching, see the BrowserMatchNoCase directive.

The BrowserMatch and BrowserMatchNoCase directives are special cases of the SetEnvIf and SetEnvIfNoCase directives. The following two lines have the same effect:

   BrowserMatchNoCase Robot is_a_robot
   SetEnvIfNoCase User-Agent Robot is_a_robot
 

BrowserMatchNoCase directive

Syntax: BrowserMatchNoCase regex env-variable[=value] [env-variable[=value]] ...
Default: none
Context: server config, virtual host, directory, .htaccess
Override: FileInfo
Status: Base
Module: mod_setenvif
Compatibility: Apache 1.2 and above (in Apache 1.2 this directive was found in the now-obsolete mod_browser module)

The BrowserMatchNoCase directive is semantically identical to the BrowserMatch directive. However, it provides for case-insensitive matching. For example:

    BrowserMatchNoCase mac platform=macintosh
    BrowserMatchNoCase win platform=windows
 

The BrowserMatch and BrowserMatchNoCase directives are special cases of the SetEnvIf and SetEnvIfNoCase directives. The following two lines have the same effect:

   BrowserMatchNoCase Robot is_a_robot
   SetEnvIfNoCase User-Agent Robot is_a_robot
 

SetEnvIf directive

Syntax: SetEnvIf attribute regex env-variable[=value] [env-variable[=value]] ...
Default: none
Context: server config, virtual host, directory, .htaccess
Override: FileInfo
Status: Base
Module: mod_setenvif
Compatibility: Apache 1.3 and above; the Request_Protocol keyword and environment-variable matching are only available with 1.3.7 and later; use in .htaccess files only supported with 1.3.13 and later

The SetEnvIf directive defines environment variables based on attributes of the request. These attributes can be the values of various HTTP request header fields (see RFC2616 for more information about these), or of other aspects of the request, including the following:

Some of the more commonly used request header field names include Host, User-Agent, and Referer.

If the attribute name doesn't match any of the special keywords, nor any of the request's header field names, it is tested as the name of an environment variable in the list of those associated with the request. This allows SetEnvIf directives to test against the result of prior matches.

Only those environment variables defined by earlier SetEnvIf[NoCase] directives are available for testing in this manner. 'Earlier' means that they were defined at a broader scope (such as server-wide) or previously in the current directive's scope.

Example:

   SetEnvIf Request_URI "\.gif$" object_is_image=gif
   SetEnvIf Request_URI "\.jpg$" object_is_image=jpg
   SetEnvIf Request_URI "\.xbm$" object_is_image=xbm
        :
   SetEnvIf Referer www\.mydomain\.com intra_site_referral
        :
   SetEnvIf object_is_image xbm XBIT_PROCESSING=1
 

The first three will set the environment variable object_is_image if the request was for an image file, and the fourth sets intra_site_referral if the referring page was somewhere on the www.mydomain.com Web site.


SetEnvIfNoCase directive

Syntax: SetEnvIfNoCase attribute regex env-variable[=value] [env-variable[=value]] ...
Default: none
Context: server config, virtual host, directory, .htaccess
Override: FileInfo
Status: Base
Module: mod_setenvif
Compatibility: Apache 1.3 and above; the Request_Protocol keyword and environment-variable matching are only available with 1.3.7 and later; use in .htaccess files only supported with 1.3.13 and later

The SetEnvIfNoCase is semantically identical to the SetEnvIf directive, and differs only in that the regular expression matching is performed in a case-insensitive manner. For example:

   SetEnvIfNoCase Host Apache\.Org site=apache
 

This will cause the site environment variable to be set to "apache" if the HTTP request header field Host: was included and contained Apache.Org, apache.org, or any other combination.


Apache HTTP Server Version 1.3

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