Manual Page: apachectl
apachectl - Apache HTTP server control interface
apachectl command [...]
apachectl is a front end to the Apache HyperText Transfer
Protocol (HTTP) server. It is designed to help the adminis-
trator control the functioning of the Apache httpd daemon.
NOTE: If your Apache installation uses non-standard paths,
you will need to edit the apachectl script to set the
appropriate paths to your PID file and your httpd binary.
See the comments in the script for details.
The apachectl script returns a 0 exit value on success, and
>0 if an error occurs. For more details, view the comments
in the script.
Full documentation for Apache is available at
The command can be any one or more of the following options:
start Start the Apache daemon. Gives an error if it
is already running.
stop Stops the Apache daemon.
restart Restarts the Apache daemon by sending it a
SIGHUP. If the daemon is not running, it is
started. This command automatically checks the
configuration files via configtest before ini-
tiating the restart to make sure Apache doesn't
fullstatus Displays a full status report from mod_status.
For this to work, you need to have mod_status
enabled on your server and a text-based browser
such as lynx available on your system. The URL
used to access the status report can be set by
editing the STATUSURL variable in the script.
status Displays a brief status report. Similar to the
fullstatus option, except that the list of
requests currently being served is omitted.
graceful Gracefully restarts the Apache daemon by sending
it a SIGUSR1. If the daemon is not running, it
is started. This differs from a normal restart
in that currently open connections are not
aborted. A side effect is that old log files
will not be closed immediately. This means that
if used in a log rotation script, a substantial
delay may be necessary to ensure that the old
log files are closed before processing them.
This command automatically checks the configura-
tion files via configtest before initiating the
restart to make sure Apache doesn't die.
configtest Run a configuration file syntax test. It parses
the configuration files and either reports Syn-
tax Ok or detailed information about the partic-
ular syntax error.
help Displays a short help message.