Manual Page: httpd
httpd - Apache hypertext transfer protocol server
httpd [ -X ] [ -R libexecdir ] [ -d serverroot ] [ -f config
] [ -C directive ] [ -c directive ] [ -D parameter ]
httpd [ -h ] [ -l ] [ -L ] [ -v ] [ -V ] [ -S ] [ -t ] [ -T
httpd is the Apache HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP)
server program. It is designed to be run as a standalone
daemon process. When used like this it will create a pool of
child processes to handle requests. To stop it, send a TERM
signal to the initial (parent) process. The PID of this pro-
cess is written to a file as given in the configuration
file. Alternatively httpd may be invoked by the Internet
daemon inetd(8) each time a connection to the HTTP service
This manual page only lists the command line arguments. For
details of the directives necessary to configure httpd see
the Apache manual, which is part of the Apache distribution
or can be found at http://www.apache.org/. Paths in this
manual may not reflect those compiled into httpd.
This option is only available if Apache was
built with the SHARED_CORE rule enabled which
forces the Apache core code to be placed into a
dynamic shared object (DSO) file. This file is
searched in a hardcoded path under ServerRoot
per default. Use this option if you want to
Set the initial value for the ServerRoot direc-
tive to serverroot. This can be overridden by
the ServerRoot command in the configuration
file. The default is /usr/local/apache.
-f config Execute the commands in the file config on
startup. If config does not begin with a /, then
it is taken to be a path relative to the Server-
Root. The default is conf/httpd.conf.
Process the configuration directive before read-
ing config files.
Process the configuration directive after read-
ing config files.
Sets a configuration parameter which can be used
with <IfDefine>...</IfDefine> sections in the
configuration files to conditionally skip or
-h Output a short summary of available command line
-l Output a list of modules compiled into the
-L Output a list of directives together with
expected arguments and places where the direc-
tive is valid.
-S Show the settings as parsed from the config file
(currently only shows the virtualhost settings).
-t Run syntax tests for configuration files only.
The program immediately exits after these syntax
parsing with either a return code of 0 (Syntax
OK) or return code not equal to 0 (Syntax
-T Same as option -t but does not check the config-
ured document roots.
-X Run in single-process mode, for internal debug-
ging purposes only; the daemon does not detach
from the terminal or fork any children. Do NOT
use this mode to provide ordinary web service.
-v Print the version of httpd , and then exit.
-V Print the version and build parameters of httpd
, and then exit.